New York Native Perennials
New York's weather is vastly different from one part of the state to the next, creating a unique challenge for its native species. This climate inconsistency is due to influence from two continental air masses, lake-effect weather from Lake Ontario to the west, and high elevations along two massive mountain ranges.
These are perennials that are native to the state of New York. Included on this list are some cultivars (cultivated varieties) and naturally-occurring hybrids that vary only slightly from the parent species. Some native gardeners choose to incorporate cultivars into their plantings and some do not. You can identify these plants by the addition of an extra name in apostrophes (such as 'May Breeze').
For a more detailed look at New York native plants by region, please cross-reference the New York Flora Atlas.
- Lonicera sempervirens Honeysuckle
- Pycnanthemum muticum Clustered Mountain Mint
- Phlox divaricata 'Blue Moon' Woodland Phlox
- Viola sororia 'Freckles' Violet
- Monarda punctata Spotted Bee Balm
- Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebells
- Physostegia virginiana 'Pink Manners' Obedient Plant
- Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower
- Pycnanthemum virginianum Virginia Mountain Mint
- Muhlenbergia capillaris Muhly Grass
- Aquilegia canadensis Eastern Red Columbine
- Monarda fistulosa Wild Bergamot